Degenerative scoliosis is a medical condition in which the spine develops a right-left curvature. This curvature is caused by degeneration of the intervertebral disc and subsequent asymmetric settling of the disc space. This misalignment of the spine can cause back and/or leg pain due to muscle fatigue and nerve impingement. Patients suffering from scoliosis often undergo back surgery to restore proper alignment and disc height.
During the procedure, the surgeon removes most of the disc between the two or more vertebrae that are to be stabilized and implants a spacer to restore correct spinal alignment. The surgeon also stabilizes the vertebrae with screws and rods or plates. In addition, bone-forming cells are implanted to bridge the space between the vertebrae and help the bones to grow together. Increased stability and restoration of alignment often result in significant pain relief.